An important principle in benefit sharing proceed from cutting down CO2 emission from deforestation and forest and peat land degradation is paradigm change that place the people to be the subject of the program or the policy. This means that the people are not only entitled to many benefits but are also obliged to help guarantee the success of the program.
This principle becomes the core of the UNDP REDD+ Indonesia Social Forestry program that is under the Ministry of the Environment of Forestry. The ministry has set a target of 12.7 million hectares of forest area to be managed by the local people through many programs, such as, Social Forestry Scheme (Skema Hutan Kemasyarakatan), Forest Village (Hutan Desa), People’s Forest Plant (Hutan Tanaman Rakyat), Customary land (Hutan Adat) and Forest Partnership (Kemitraan Kehutanan).
The 12.7 million hectares target is a manifestation of NAWACITA 7, an agenda to achieve economic independence by focusing on strategic domestic economic sectors, and has been stated in the National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN).
‘Well-targeted’ was the keyword of the speech of Indonesian President, Joko Widodo, about social forestry. Unfortunately, government’s initiatives are often stopped or misdirected because the people receive partial informations or because they have difficulties accessing those informations.